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Research Archive

Welcome to our Chinese medicine and acupuncture research news pages. We add to the content of these pages continuously as more research news comes in. Browse through the complete archive below or use the category links on the right.

Please note that the most twenty recent research archive items are free to view but access to the thousands of items in the archive require a journal subscription.

Indian clinicians have found acupuncture to be effective for the management of dysmenorrhoea ...

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Acupuncture reduces pain and serum markers associated with endometriosis, according the authors of a systematic review carried out in China ...

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Chinese authors of a systematic review of acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea have concluded that current evidence suggests it may be effective ...

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Acupuncture treatment may be effective for women with chronic pelvic pain secondary to abdominal myofascial pain syndrome ...

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Acupuncture may help improve the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome, but the current quality of evidence is poor, concludes a systematic review from Korea ...

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Acupressure is effective for decreasing the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Iranian researchers have found ...

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Dysmenorrhoea patients that experience a ‘deqi’ needling sensation demonstrate larger reductions in pain relative to those who do not, according to a Chinese study ...

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Investigators from Australia and New Zealand report that acupuncture treatment can reduce menstrual pain intensity, and that its effects can still be felt one year later ...

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Five weeks of electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment improves markers of glucose regulation and androgen levels in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome ...

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TCM diagnostic categories are correlated with different types of pain in women with vulvodynia, according to an exploratory study by researchers in the USA ...

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A Chinese study suggests that moxibustion may be as effective as drugs for alleviating menstrual pain ...

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A UK-based pilot study suggests that both individualised and standardised Chinese herbal medicines have similar clinical effects on promoting menstrual regularity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome ...

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Acupuncture can improve sexual function in women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder, a small American study suggests ...

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A small study carried out by investigators in the USA has found that acupuncture appears to reduce pain and dyspareunia, while increasing sexual function, for women with vulvodynia (a chronic pain syndrome affecting the vulvar area without an identifiable cause) ...

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A meta-analysis from Taiwanese authors confirms that acupuncture can improve symptoms in women experiencing menopause ...

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Gui Zhi Fu Ling Wan (GZFLW - Cinnamon and Hoelen Formula) appears to result in additional reduction of fibroid volume when added to mifepristone treatment, according to a Cochrane Database systematic review.

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Results from a Korean systematic review and meta-analysis support the effectiveness of acupuncture and herbal medicine as a treatment for premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Eight acupunct

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Swedish authors have reviewed the results of randomised studies on the use of acupuncture for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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A small Brazilian study suggests that acupuncture may be effective in treating the anxiety and depression associated with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

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A Cochrane Database systematic review has concluded that current evidence supports acupuncture as a treatment for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy.

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A small Chinese study suggests that electro-acupuncture (EA) can normalise hormone levels and induce menstruation in women with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI - a syndrome characterised by amenorrhoea, sex steroid deficiency and elevated gonadotrophin levels, occurring in women under the age of 40).

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Acupuncture is as effective as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) for patients with dysmenorrhoea, Turkish researchers report.

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A small qualitative study carried out in the UK has found that women treated with acupuncture during labour reported enhanced birthing experiences.

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A Chinese research group has shown that treatment with Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can prevent the recurrence of endometriosis and improve the conception rate in women who have undergone surgery for endometriosis.

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Acupuncture shows promise in reducing some of the problems associated with female sexual dysfunction (FSD).

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A course of acupuncture treatments can increase ovulation frequency in women with PCOS, according to a Swedish study.

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A large study carried out in Spain has shown that moxibustion at Zhiyin BL-67 is an effective and safe way to correct non-vertex presentation when used between 33 and 35 weeks of gestation.

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A phase II clinical trial of a Chinese herbal decoction, Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang (DBT, Dang Gui Decoction to Tonify the Blood), has shown that it can significantly improve physical and psychological scores and significantly reduce vasomotor symptoms for post-menopausal women.

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There are currently no recommended medical treatment options for threatened miscarriage.

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A qualitative study has explored the experiences of women receiving acupuncture for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

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Non-invasive electro-acupuncture stimulation applied at Hegu L.I.-4 and Sanyinjiao SP-6 can significantly reduce the pain of dysmenorrhoea

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The UK's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has published an opinion paper that supports the use of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women.

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American researchers have found preliminary evidence that acupuncture may be able to help relieve non-cyclic breast pain.

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A Chinese study has found that a Chinese herbal formula compares favourably with drug therapy for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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UK researchers have carried out a pilot study to test the feasibility of a novel trial methodology enabling the investigation of individualised decoctions of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), while gathering preliminary data on their effects in patients with endometriosis.

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Acupuncture is a promising treatment for premenstrual symptoms, according to a systematic review by Korean authors.

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A Cochrane Database systematic review has concluded that acupuncture and acupressure may have a role in reducing pain, increasing satisfaction with pain management and reducing use of pharmacological management for women in labour.

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Taking part in a 12-week tai chi programme has multiple health benefits for post-menopausal women, particularly for those suffering from age-related loss of muscle strength.

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Verum and sham acupuncture have similar effects on ovulation frequency and LH/FSH ratios in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to the results of an RCT carried out in the USA.

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Researchers from Iran suggest that acupressure at Sanyinjiao SP-6 could be a cost-effective intervention for improving primary dysmenorrhoea.

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An Australian team has found that although acupuncture improved menstrual mood symptoms in women with primary dysmenorrhoea, the trend in the improvement of symptoms during the active phase of treatment and at six and twelve months was non-significant

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A Cochrane database systematic review by Australian authors has concluded that current evidence supports the use of acupuncture to reduce menstrual pain.

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Evidence being presented this weekend at the largest UK acupuncture research forum, the ARRC Symposium, will highlight the benefits of acupuncture to reduce the severity and frequency of hot flushes in postmenopausal women.

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Low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) can improve hyperandrogenism and menstrual frequency in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a Swedish study. Eighty-four women with PCOS were randomised to 16 weeks of low-frequency EA, phy

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Austrian researchers have examined whether acupuncture is an effective additional pain treatment for endometriosis. In a cross-over design, 101 women were randomised into two groups, each receiving two units of 10 acupuncture treatments twice a week

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Low-frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) can improve hyperandrogenism and menstrual frequency in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to

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Chinese researchers have found that electroacupuncture (EA) at Sanyinjiao SP-6 has a specific and immediate beneficial effect on dysmenorrhoea, compared with

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A follow-up study on acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes has reported that the benefits found immediately post-treatment do not persist. An earlier study of 267 postmenopausal women found that 12 weeks of individualised acupuncture plus self-care

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Not only is acupuncture as effective as drug therapy at preventing hot flushes in breast cancer patients who have been receiving long-term anti-oestrogen therapy, it also increases women's sex drive and improves their sense of well-being. Venlafaxine

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Authors of a Korean systematic review have found promising evidence for the use of acupuncture in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. Twenty-seven RCTs (data from nearly 3000 women) were included in their analysis, which showed that, compared wit

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A pilot study on the effect of acupuncture in decreasing hot flushes in menopausal women has concluded either that there is a strong placebo effect or that both traditional and sham acupuncture significantly reduce hot flush frequency. Fifty-six post

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A Norwegian study has found that acupuncture in addition to self-care can contribute to a clinically relevant reduction in menopausal hot flushes. The research was a multicentre, pragmatic, randomised, controlled trial with two parallel arms comparin

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Vulvar vestibulitis is a disease of unknown aetiology involving inflammation of the skin and the mucous secreting glands found in the skin of the vulvar vestibule. It can occur in women of all ages, whether sexually active or not, can persist for

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24 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome who had amenorrhoea or oligomenorrhoea, 19 or whom were resistant to clomiphene, were given 10-14 mostly electro-acupuncture treatments at points Shenshu BL-23, Pangguangshu BL-28, Sanyinjiao SP-6, Yinlingqua

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In a Japanese study, two herbal medicine prescriptions administered alternately within the menstrual cycle were found to have powerful antidysmenorrhoeic effects. The two prescriptions were Shakuyaku-kanzo-to (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang/Peony & Licori

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A Japanese study compared the use of traditional Kampo herbal formulas and HRT, in two groups of women suffering menopausal symptoms. In the 18 patients in the Kampo group, treatment was able to alleviate the whole range of symptoms, whilst in the 16

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In a randomised study, women suffering menopausal symptoms were treated either with acupuncture points specifically chosen to treat their disorder, or more general qi tonifying acupuncture. The acupuncture specific group showed a decrease in mean mon

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In a study which compared acupressure at Sanyinjiao SP-6 with simple resting for female technical college students in Taiwan suffering from dysmenorrhoea, the acupressure – whether in the form of treatment or self-treatment – was found to sig

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A study of 101 women (aged 20 to 40), of whom 83 completed the trial, with laparoscopic-proofed endometriosis, randomised them to one of two groups. The first received specific acupuncture for the condition while the other were treated at non-specifi

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In a study of 29 postmenopausal women who experienced at least seven moderate to severe hot flushes a day, active acupuncture was found to significantly decrease the severity of nocturnal flushes (by 28%) compared to 6% in women given sham acupunctur

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A pragmatic randomised study has evaluated the clinical and economic effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of women with dysmenorrhoea. 201 patients were allocated to receive either up to 15 acupuncture sessions over three months or no acu

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Acupuncture is associated with a significant decrease in the severity, but not the frequency, of postmenopausal hot flushes. In a randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study, 29 postmenopausal women averaging at least seven moderate to severe hot flus

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Acupuncture results in a significant improvement in perimenopausal symptoms in women who have had their ovaries surgically removed (oophorectomy). Sixty-seven women who had undergone oophorectomy were non-randomly divided into two groups. One grou

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The evidence supporting the use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for primary dysmenorrhoea is promising, but better quality research on the subject is still required. These are the conclusions of a systematic review by Australian researchers, which i

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A review article has evaluated the use of acupuncture to prevent and reduce symptoms related with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Reporting on experimental observations in rat models of polycystic ovaries and clinical data from studies in women wit

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In another German study, the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of acupuncture in patients with dysmenorrhoea was studied. In a randomised controlled trial plus non-randomised cohort, patients with dysmenorrhoea were randomised to 15 sessi

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Italian scientists have evaluated the effect of acupuncture on dysmenorrhoea that is resistant to treatment by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Fifteen patients received eight weekly acupuncture treatments (at Taixi KID-3, Taichong LIV

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A US randomised, sham-controlled pilot study has assessed the use of Japanese-style acupuncture for reducing chronic pelvic pain and improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents with endometriosis. Eighteen young women (13-22 years

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Acupuncture can lower high sympathetic nerve activity, which may be a contributory factor in the aetiology of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A Swedish team, which has previously found that women with PCOS have significantly higher sympathetic nerv

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UK authors have carried out a systematic review of the use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for endometriosis-related pain and infertility. Database searches revealed 100 relevant studies, but only two Chinese RCTs were deemed of high enough quality

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A Chinese study has shown that acupuncture at Sanyinjiao SP-6 can decrease the amount of analgesia required in the first 24 hours after caesarian section. Sixty women who had spinal anesthesia during caesarian section were randomly assigned to rec

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Iranian clinicians have found that acupressure at Sanyinjiao SP-6 can decrease the duration and severity of pain in the active phase of labour, lower the requirement for oxytocin and reduce the need for caesarean section. One hundred and twenty nulli

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A Canadian pilot study has found that acupuncture has positive effects on provoked vestibulodynia (PVD), a distressing genital pain condition affecting women. Eight women with PVD (mean age 30) underwent ten one-hour acupuncture sessions with needle

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UK researchers exploring the effects of moxibustion on breech presentation have concluded that it creates a better chance of achieving vaginal delivery. In a prospective multicentre study, 76 pregnant women were taught how to apply moxibustion and in

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A multicentre randomised clinical study of menopausal women has concluded that acupuncture carried out in addition to usual care is associated with marked clinical improvement in hot flushes and other menopause-related symptoms. One hundred and seven

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