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Features & Articles in this issue

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Blood Stasis in the Brain: An Integrative Approach to the Treatment of Stroke

Author: Claudia Citkovitz

Stroke is highly prevalent and can be expected to increase along with life expectancy and the rate of metabolic syndrome. Acupuncture, with its associated techniques and the system-oriented thinking of Chinese medicine, can be of use during all stages of the disorder: acute onset, recovery, rehabilitation, chronic care and secondary prevention. This brief introduction presents a seven-step algorithm for post-stroke assessment and treatment planning, along with key points for differential diagnosis and treatment. The emphasis is on using historical Chinese medicine concepts, together with biomedical pathology as it is currently understood, to apply techniques that are familiar or easily grasped by most acupuncturists.

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A Review of the Ancient Concepts of Chinese Medicine

Author: Robert K. Doane, Xavier Fricker & Marcus Gadau

In Chinese medicine the Huang Di Nei Jing 黃帝內經(Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic) is considered to be the classic text with the highest authority. The authors of this article believe that some of the concepts in the Nei Jing 內經(Inner Classic) have been mistranslated and misinterpreted. As a result, Chinese medicine has been labelled and widely accepted as an 'energy-based' medicine. There is enough evidence to present a different point of view. It is time for a re-evaluation of the ancient concepts of Chinese medicine. We believe that the metaphysical energy model needs to be replaced by a bio-physiological understanding in order for Chinese medicine to be integrated into the healthcare systems of today. This article supports this argument, which has gained strong momentum in the Chinese medicine profession due to a multitude of publications in recent years that have successfully exposed the history and shortcomings of the energy model, as well as offering an alternative perspective.

One of this issue's two free sample articles

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Development of an Acupuncture Protocol for Cerebral Palsy

Author: Kathren Sieminski, Alan Yeung & Xiaoshu Zhu

In Australia, acupuncture is not commonly employed as a rehabilitative choice for children with cerebral palsy CP, whereas in China it is a standard practice. This report provides a preliminary protocol for acupuncturists treating children with CP. It also considers the safety and efficacy of acupuncture in paediatric healthcare. The Delphi method was chosen to systematically combine expert opinions and achieve a group consensus in the formulation of a CP protocol. Acupuncture was considered by the experts to be beneficial in CP. Any adverse effects of acupuncture, as highlighted by the Delphi method, were determined to be minimal and the majority of risks able to be mitigated by appropriate training and caution, reduction in acupuncture stimulation strength, and decreased needle retention time. Further research is required to ascertain the benefits acupuncture may provide to children with CP.

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Nourishing Life (養生 Yǎng Shēng): An Ancient Love of Lists

Author: Lorraine Wilcox

Ancient Chinese specialists in 'nourishing life' (養生yǎng shēng) often made lists of 'dos' and 'don'ts'. These lists guided patients toward activities that promoted health and longevity and away from those that might cause harm. Even in the twenty-first century, these lists contain much wisdom that can guide us how to live longer, healthier and more contented lives, and constitute a useful resource for practitioners who wish to provide focused lifestyle advice for their patients. In this article, seven of these ancient lists are discussed.

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Chinese Medicine as an Adjunct Treatment for Breast Cancer: An Interview with Barbara Kirschbaum

Author: Peter Deadman

This article is the transcription of an interview with Barbara Kirschbaum, a practitioner of Chinese medicine with extensive experience in the adjunctive treatment of cancer.

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WikiTweaks: The Encyclopaedia that Anyone (Who is a Skeptic) Can Edit

Author: Mel Koppelman

This article documents recent attempts to update the Acupuncture page on Wikipedia with current scientific knowledge, and describes how such pages are presently controlled by self-styled skeptics, who prevent anyone else from editing them, thus ensuring the information conforms to their own biased and skeptical beliefs. The author provides key research papers and mainstream medical guidelines from around the world in order to provide acupuncture practitioners with robust evidence that can be used to counter biased and unfounded claims about acupuncture.

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On Treating Children: The Xiaoxiao Clinic of Chinese Medicine

Author: Elisa Rossi

This article documents the work of the Xiaoxiao Clinic of Chinese Medicine for Children in Milan (Italy), and discusses various aspects of the treatment of children with acupuncture and tuina, including the therapeutic relationship with parents/carers.

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The Treatment of Constraint According to Applied Channel Theory

Author: Wang Ju-yi and Jonathan W. Chang

Commonly-used concepts in Chinese medicine can be difficult to comprehend, not only for practitioners who do not know the Chinese language, but also for those who are native speakers of Chinese. As the most fundamental concepts of Chinese medicine originated over two thousand years ago, modern practitioners face an arduous task. In order to grasp these classical concepts, Dr. Wang Ju-yi believes that we should try to understand how the ancient doctors perceived the world. To do this, Dr. Wang has developed the habit of researching the etymology of Chinese medical terms. By analysing their original meaning, we can come to understand how classical physicians used these terms to describe the physiological and pathological.

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Book Reviews in this issue

  • Mastering the Art of Abdominal Acupuncture: A concise guide to treating numerous painful conditions
    Dave Shipsey (not available in North American store)

JTCM Abstracts in this issue (from October 2016 and December 2016)

  • Acupuncture for the treatment of functional constipation, by Bai Tao et al.
  • Immediate analgesic effect of needling acupoints (bilateral De Qi vs unilateral De Qi) on primary dysmenorrhea: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, by Wang Pei et al.
  • Clinical effect of traditional Chinese spinal orthopedic manipulation in treatment of chondromalacia patellae, by Qu Liuxin et al. 
  • A manual acupuncture treatment attenuates common cold and its symptoms: a case series report from South Korea, by Heo Je-Sin et al.
  • Review of systematic reviews and Metaanalyses investigating Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus, by Liu Meijun et al.
  • Effects and safety of Sinomenine in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis contrast to methotrexate: a systematic review and meta-analysis, by Liu Weiwei et al.
  • Meta-analysis of the efficacy in treatment of primary Sjögren's syndrome: Traditional Chinese Medicine vs Western Medicine, by Liu Jingjing et al.
  • Compound Zhebei granules combined with chemotherapy for the treatment of refractory acute leukemia: a randomized clinical trial, by Hou Li et al.
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine comprehensive therapy for the improvement of motor function in spinal cord injury patients, by Wang Yuanhui et al.
  • Effect of Sanhuangyilong decoction plus methotrexate on tumor necrosis factor alpha and interferon gamma in serum and synovial fluid in rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptom pattern of damp heat obstruction, by Liu Defang et al.
  • Effect of acupuncture treatment on smoking cessation in smokers from Hong Kong, by Wang Yingying et al.
  • Efficacy and safety of Sancai powder in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial, by Guo Qiang et al.
  • Distribution of elements extracted from symptom patterns and Characteristics of Polysomnograph of common symptom patterns of insomnia with Traditional Chinese Medicine, by Cui Yinglin et al.
  • Safety and efficacy of Tongkuaixiao ointment in relieving cancer-induced pain: a multicenter double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial, by Tan Huangying et al.