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Research Archive

Welcome to our Chinese medicine and acupuncture research news pages. We add to the content of these pages continuously as more research news comes in. Browse through the complete archive below or use the category links on the right.

Please note that the most twenty recent research archive items are free to view but access to the thousands of items in the archive require a journal subscription.

Acupuncture could be an alternative to catheterisation for the treatment of postpartum urinary retention, according to an Israeli research team ...

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Acupuncture provides clinically meaningful symptom reduction for pregnant women suffering from low back and pelvic pain ...

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Acupuncture compares favourably to bed rest for the relief of postpartum sciatica, conclude the authors of a study carried out in China ...

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Acupressure at Sanyinjiao SP-6 is an effective method to decrease maternal anxiety and analgesic consumption during labour ...

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Acupuncture could provide valuable support for women with antenatal depression, report Australian researchers ...

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A Cochrane Database Systematic review has found that using acupuncture for induction of labour does not reduce caesarean section rate, but may increase the readiness of the cervix for labour ...

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Acupressure could have a role in reducing the rate of caesarean delivery and decreasing the duration of labour ...

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A new exploratory study from the obstetric acupuncture specialist Debra Betts and her Australian co-authors suggests that acupuncture can reduce the physical and emotional symptoms of threatened miscarriage ...

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Acupressure may be effective for reducing labour pain, reports an Iranian research team ...

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An integrative medicine programme that includes acupressure can significantly reduce epidural use and caesarean section rates when added to usual antenatal care ...

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Electro-acupuncture (EA) may improve reproductive hormone levels in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), according to preliminary research from China ...

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A feasibility study carried out in the UK suggests that acupuncture can add benefit to standard care (SC) for back pain in pregnancy ...

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A review of the scientific literature on needling at points historically considered to be 'forbidden' during pregnancy has found that there is no objective evidence of harm ...

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Researchers from Iran have found that acupuncture is significantly associated with decreased duration of labour ...

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Acupressure at Sanyinjiao SP-6 can help with cervical ripening in labour, according to a study from Iran ...

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Moxibustion at acupuncture point Zhiyin BL-67 can correct non-vertex presentation, reduce the number of caesarean sections performed and achieve cost savings for the healthcare system, compared with conventional treatment ...

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A study carried out in Spain has shown that acupuncture at point Qihai REN-6 can decrease the time taken for the placenta to be expelled after delivery ...

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A trial carried out in Sweden has found that women who received manual acupuncture (MA) or electro-acupuncture (EA) during labour used less epidural analgesia than women who received standard care. The longitudinal randomised controlled trial recruit

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A Cochrane Database systematic review has concluded that current evidence supports acupuncture as a treatment for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy.

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A US team reports that practising a combination of tai chi and yoga can reduce prenatal depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances in pregnant women.

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An RCT carried out in Iran has found acupressure at Hegu L.I.-4 to be effective at decreasing the pain and duration of labour.

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Eighty-four women suffering from prenatal depression were randomly assigned to yoga, massage therapy or standard prenatal care control groups.

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A Brazilian group has shown that electro-acupuncture (EA) can be used to promote labour as efficiently as the prostaglandin analogue misoprostol, but with fewer obstetric complications.

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Moxibustion at Sanyinjiao SP-6 may be able to markedly shorten the active phase of the first stage of labour and decrease pain due to uterine contractions, according to Taiwanese researchers.

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Italian clinicians have successfully used acupuncture to relieve perineal pain after episiotomy

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A Chinese study has concluded that electroacupuncture (EA) at Sanyinjiao SP-6 is an effective way of decreasing labour pain

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Italian clinicians have successfully used acupuncture to relieve perineal pain after episiotomy.

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An Italian pilot study has found that acupuncture can support women in maintaining breastfeeding for longer.

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Acupressure can reduce pain during the active phase of labour, according to a randomised controlled trial carried out by Swedish researchers in a public hospital in India. Two hundred and twenty-two women were randomised to receive one of three inter

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A Danish team has concluded that acupuncture may not be effective for the induction of labour in post-term women. In a double-blind multicentre randomised controlled study, 125 healthy women with uneventful pregnancies at gestational week 41(+6) were

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Current evidence from RCTs does not support the use of acupuncture for controlling labour pain, according to a systematic review from Korean authors. Ten RCTs involving 2038 women were included. Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture was not superior

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A Swiss study of moxibustion for breech version has found no beneficial effect. The RCT, involving 212 women between 34 and 36 weeks gestation, compared two weeks of daily moxibustion at BL-67 with expectant management. The percentage of external cep

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Acupuncture is an effective treatment for depression during pregnancy, according to a new American study. A hundred and fifty pregnant women with a diagnosis of major depression were randomised to receive 12 sessions of acupuncture consisting of a

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A study has evaluated the effects of acupuncture and moxibustion on the behaviour of breech foetuses. Women were treated by stimulating Zhiyin BL-67 twice a week for 20 minutes. Fourteen cases were treated using both acupuncture and moxibustion, 15 c

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In a study investigating the efficacy of electro-acupuncture (EA) for relief of labour pain, 36 pregnant women were randomly divided into an EA group and a control group. Two rounds of EA were carried out, one at the beginning of the active phase

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Acupuncture significantly reduces duration of labour and reduces the need for augmentation of labour with contraction-stimulating drugs. A study randomised 100 women with spontaneous rupture of membranes at term to either acupuncture or no acupunctur

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An Italian obstetrician has carried out a study into the application of moxibustion at Zhiyin BL-67 for the treatment of breech presentation in pregnancy. Francesco Cardini and Huang Weixin divided 130 women (in the 33rd week of their first pregnancy

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In a study carried out in Sweden, the analgesic effect of acupuncture during childbirth was assessed by comparing the need for other pain treatments such as epidural analgesia, nitrous oxide/oxygen etc. in 90 women given acupuncture (acupuncture grou

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A study carried out at The Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology at the University of Vienna has shown that prenatal acupuncture can reduce the duration of the first stage of labour (196 minutes versus 321 minutes in a control group), but not th

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A German study has compared the morphologic features and
duration of labour in 878 women with at least 36 weeks of uncomplicated
pregnancy after receiving a) active acupuncture (329 primiparas), b) nonspecific
acupuncture (224 women

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A study of 593 women at the Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia, who were less than 14 weeks pregnant and suffered from symptoms of nausea or vomiting, compared traditional acupuncture, simple acupuncture at Neiguan P-6 only,

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A study was conducted to see if acupuncture can influence cervical ripening, induce labour and reduce the need for induction. 45 women were randomly assigned to an acupuncture or a control group on their due date. In the acupuncture group, women were

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A study carried out at Orebro University Hospital in Sweden has found that women who received acupuncture during labour were less likely to ask for an epidural to relieve pain (12% compared to 22%) and felt more relaxed than women who did not receive

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A study of 593 women at the Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia, who were less than 14 weeks pregnant and suffered from symptoms of nausea or vomiting, compared traditional acupuncture, simple acupuncture at Neiguan P-6 only,

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Obstetricians from Norway have said that acupuncture is the analgesic method of choice for reducing labour pain, whether supplemented by pharmacological pain-killers or not. 210 mothers in spontaneous labour were randomly assigned to receive either r

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A randomised, unblinded, controlled study carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway, has indicated that acupuncture is effective in controlling labour pain. Of the 106 women in labour who re

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A systematic review from Holland has concluded that acupuncture-type interventions (moxibustion, acupuncture, or electro-acupuncture) on Zhiyin BL 67 are effective in correcting breech presentation, compared with expectant management. Of 65 citati

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A study carried out in Croatia compared the outcome of 34 pregnant women with breech presentation treated by manual needling of Zhiyin BL-67 (with deqi), and 33 similar women not treated by acupuncture as a control. Acupuncture was given from 34 week

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A Brazilian study which compared the levels of low back and pelvic pain in women treated by acupuncture compared to non-treated controls, found that the acupuncture group showed a greater reduction in overall pain, maximum pain and  pain at the

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An Italian study into breech presentation compared 112 randomly selected women who were given acupuncture and moxibustion at Zhiyin BL-67, with 114 women who were simply observed. All were at 33-35 weeks of gestation. The proportion of caesarean sect

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In this Swedish study, 72 pregnant women (24-37 weeks) suffering pelvic or low back pain were randomly assigned to an acupuncture group or a control group. Traditional acupuncture points and ahshi points were needled (with deqi elicited) in individua

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One in three women suffer potentially severe and disabling pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy. Now a Swedish study has demonstrated that acupuncture is more effective than either standard or specialised exercises in relieving the pain. 386 pregna

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Pregnant post-term women who were taught shiatsu techniques by a midwife were significantly more likely to go into labour spontaneously compared to women who did not learn the technique. (Complement Ther Med 2005; 13: 11-15).

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A Norwegian study has shown that women who receive acupuncture during labour have a significantly reduced rate of epidural anaesthesia. (Nesheim BI, Kinge R. Performance of acupuncture as labor analgesia in the clinical setting. Acta Obstet Gynecol S

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A study of prebirth acupuncture given in the practices of 14 New Zealand midwives over a four-month period found a 35% reduction in induction rates (43% for primigravidae), 31% reduction in epidurals, 32% reduction in emergency caesarean sections and

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Acupuncture has previously been shown to be more effective than either standard or specialised exercises in relieving pelvic pain in pregnancy (BMJ 2005;330:761). Now a new study has compared subcutaneous needling without further stimulation and d

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A meta-analysis of three trials (496 women) into the use of acupuncture to relieve pain in labour suggests that women receiving acupuncture required less analgesia, including the need for epidural analgesic and a reduced need for augmentation with ox

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A study of the effectiveness and cost of moxibustion for breech presentation compared to standard care found that the percentage of breech presentations after moxibustion was 24.5% compared to 42% for standard care, and that if only 10% of women opte

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Fifty-six primigravid women at 39 weeks or greater with a singleton gestation and Bishop score (a system for predicting whether induction of labour will be required) of less than seven were randomised to usual medical care or usual care plus three ac

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A meta-analysis has examined the effects of various methods for stimulating acupuncture points (acustimulation, AS) for the prevention of nausea and vomiting in pregnant women (NVP). The authors identified 14 eligible trials published over the last 1

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A systematic review using the Cochrane database has assessed the effects of interventions for preventing and treating back and pelvic pain in pregnancy. Authors searched the Cochrane database for randomised controlled trials of any treatment used to

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A systematic review of the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy has found promising results. Two small trials on mixed pelvic/back pain and one large high-quality trial on pelvic pain met the inclusion criteria.

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A systematic review from Holland has concluded that acupuncture-type interventions (moxibustion, acupuncture, or electro-acupuncture) on Zhiyin BL 67 are effective in correcting breech presentation, compared with expectant management. Of 65 citati

...

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Swedish researchers have compared acupuncture with non-penetrating sham acupuncture in women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy. In a randomised double-blinded controlled trial 115 pregnant women with PGP were randomly allocated to standa

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A Canadian team has investigated the effectiveness of acupuncture for the initiation of labour in a prospective pilot RCT. Sixteen pregnant women at term were randomly assigned to receive acupuncture either at sites reported to cause onset of labour

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Researchers in Denmark have compared acupuncture with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) and analgesic medication for pain relief during labour. 607 healthy women in labour at term were randomised to receive acupuncture, TENS or analges

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Acupuncture may help alleviate dyspepsia during pregnancy, according to a Brazilian team. Forty-two pregnant women with dyspepsia were randomly allocated to receive acupuncture or conventional treatment alone. Significant improvements in symptoms wer

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One week of continuous auricular acupuncture decreases the pain and disability experienced by women with pregnancy-related low back and posterior pelvic pain. In a randomised controlled trial, American clinicians randomly assigned pregnant women to c

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Ginger (Sheng Jiang) is an effective remedy for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. A single blind clinical trial carried out in Iran randomly assigned 67 pregnant women to receive either 1000 mg ginger in capsules or placebo capsules for four days

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Acupuncture may be more effective than physiotherapy for pregnancy-related low-back and pelvic pain, according to a recent prospective study. Sixty pregnant women with low-back and pelvic pain were randomised to receive 10 treatments of either acupun

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Swedish researchers have compared acupuncture with non-penetrating sham acupuncture in women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy. In a randomised double-blinded controlled trial 115 pregnant women with PGP were randomly allocated to standa

...

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A Brazilian study which compared the levels of low back and pelvic pain in women treated by acupuncture compared to non-treated controls, found that the acupuncture group showed a greater reduction in overall pain, maximum pain and  pain at the

...

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regnant women who experience exceptionally severe morning sickness may benefit from acupuncture in addition to standard treatment, researchers in Sweden report. In a study of 33 pregnant women, only 7 of 17 women were still vomiting 3 days after acup

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In a study to assess the benefits of acupressure at Neiguan P-6 in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, researches at Lund University in Sweden asked 60 pregnant women suffering from symptoms to a) wear a wrist band at Neiguan P-6, b) w

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